Greek cuisine is a Mediterranean cuisine.It has some common characteristics with the traditional cuisines of Italy, the Balkans, Israel, Turkey, and the Levant.
Contemporary Greek cookery makes wide use of vegetables, olive oil, grains, fish, wine and meat (white and red, including lamb, poultry, rabbit and pork). Other important ingredients include olives, cheese, eggplant (aubergine), zucchini (courgette), lemon juice, vegetables, herbs, bread and yoghurt. The most commonly used grain is wheat; barley is also used. Common dessert ingredients include nuts, honey, fruits, and filo pastry.